文章摘要
王 芳,肖少北*.汉语歧义消解认知加工的研究方法述评[J].海南师范大学学报自科版,2020,(4):470-474
汉语歧义消解认知加工的研究方法述评
A Review on the Research Methods of Cognitive Processing inChinese Ambiguity Resolution
  
DOI:10.12051/j.issn.1674-4942.2020.04.015
中文关键词: 汉语  歧义消解  非即时加工实验方法  即时加工实验方法
英文关键词: Chinese  ambiguity resolution  off-line measures  on-line measures
基金项目:海南省自然科学基金面上项目(318MS048)
作者单位
王 芳,肖少北* 海南师范大学 心理学院海南 海口 571158 
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中文摘要:
      汉语歧义消解认知加工的研究方法主要有非即时加工实验方法与即时加工实验方法 两种方法。非即时加工实验方法主要指行为实验法,采用的范式主要有词汇判断任务、意义适合 性判断任务、句子验证任务、跨通道启动任务、移动窗口技术等。即时加工实验方法则主要采用眼 动记录技术和事件相关电位脑电记录技术,为汉语歧义消解加工过程提供即时测量。未来的研究 可尝试应用正电子发射断层摄像术与功能性磁共振成像术,有助于将行为数据与生理数据结合起 来,更加准确地揭示汉语歧义消解认知加工过程的规律。
英文摘要:
      The research methods of cognitive processing of Chinese ambiguity resolution includes off-line measures and on-line measures. Off-line measures mainly refer to behavioral experimental methods, and the adopted paradigms mainly include vocabulary judgment task, meaning suitability judgment task, sentence verification task, cross-channel startup task, moving window technology, etc. The on-line measures mainly use the eye-movement recording technology and the event-related potential recording technology to provide the real-time measurement for the processing of Chinese ambiguity resolution. In the future, positron emission tomography and functional magnetic resonance imaging can be used to combine behavioral data with physiological data, and to reveal more accurately the rules of cognitive processing in Chinese ambigui⁃ ty resolution.
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